Topic Review
Lignocellulosic biomass is the primary structural component of plant matter and is mostly inedible, generally referring to organic materials such as wood, grass, and agricultural crop residues. Biomass is a plentiful and carbon-neutral renewable energy source that may be used to create platform chemicals and fuels, especially considering that up to 75% of initial energy can be converted into biofuels.
  • 33
  • 03 Oct 2022
Topic Review
Aerobic Granular Sludge
The aerobic granular sludge (AGS) method, which has been developed for several years, may represent an alternative to traditional technologies. One of the barriers to AGS deployment is the limited knowledge on the determinants and efficiency of the anaerobic digestion (AD) of AGS, as little research has been devoted to it.
  • 19
  • 30 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Geopolymers represent novel material types at the interface of glass, ceramics, and materials based on traditional inorganic bonds. Geopolymers utilize waste materials as source material and activate the materials with alkaline activators to act as binders. Metakaolin is categorised as an aluminosilicate material because it contains variable amounts of alumina and silica. Geopolymers offer benefits due to their ease of synthesis and low emissions of greenhouse gases such as CO2, SO2, and NOx.
  • 31
  • 30 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Key Processes in Managing Building Materials
The new construction of numerous infrastructures and buildings, particularly in the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry, has led to an exponential increase in the demand for raw materials and energy, which is leading to the depletion of natural resources. The approach to treating these buildings at the end of life has also raised concerns worldwide. Transforming the current linear development model into a circular economy is considered an effective solution.
  • 27
  • 30 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Concrete Containing Waste Glass as Environmentally Friendly Aggregate
The safe disposal of an enormous amount of waste glass (WG) in several countries has become a severe environmental issue. In contrast, concrete production consumes a large amount of natural resources and contributes to environmental greenhouse gas emissions. It is widely known that many kinds of waste may be utilized rather than raw materials in the field of construction materials. However, for the wide use of waste in building construction, it is necessary to ensure that the characteristics of the resulting building materials are appropriate. Recycled glass waste is one of the most attractive waste materials that can be used to create sustainable concrete compounds.
  • 71
  • 23 Sep 2022
Topic Review
TiO2-Based Membranes for Wastewater Treatment
The high separation efficiencies, relative low costs, small footprint, and ease of operation associated with integrated photocatalytic-membrane (IPM) technologies are gaining an all-inclusive attention. Conversely, photocatalysis and membrane technologies face some degree of setbacks, which limit their worldwide application in wastewater settings for the treatment of emerging contaminants.
  • 61
  • 21 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Semi-Aerobic Landfill by Life Cycle Assessment Modeling
The potential impacts and the environmental performance of the semi-aerobic landfill technology were assessed through the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. Project data that referred to a hypothetical Italian plant design were used and ISO 14040/14044 standards were applied. All the life cycle phases were considered, from landfill construction to filling, aftercare, closure and conversion for future use. All the landfill processes and the inflow of materials, energy and rainwater, and the outflow of biogas and leachate, were included in the system boundaries.
  • 34
  • 14 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Benefits of Agrivoltaics System
As more nations move towards net-zero emission goals by 2050, research into the coupling of photovoltaics (PV) and agriculture has increased into a new sector of agrivoltaics (AV). Measurement of the Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) has allowed researchers to develop methods for optimizing the agrivoltaic system. While AVs are seen as a method to reduce the land loss for traditional PV farms, research has shown that they can be both beneficial to crop growth and PV efficiency. The levels of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) under the solar modules impact crop species in different ways. Understanding the PAR can be used to determine the most suitable crop to plant for each season. Factors such as micro-climates and water requirements are also changed due to the set-up of each AV system. 
  • 87
  • 09 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Isolation of Bioactive Molecules from Waste Streams
Waste is a heterogeneous and complex matrix, the selective isolation of, for example, polyphenolic compounds, is challenging due to its energy efficiency and at least partially its selectivity. Extraction is handled as an emerging technology in biorefinery approaches. Conventional solid liquid extraction with organic solvents is hazardous and environmentally unfriendly. New extraction methods and green solvents open a wider scope of applications.
  • 54
  • 06 Sep 2022
Topic Review
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Air Pollution Monitoring
Tracking the source of air pollution plumes and monitoring the air quality during emergency events in real-time is crucial to support decision-makers in making an appropriate evacuation plan. Internet of Things (IoT) based air quality tracking and monitoring platforms have used stationary sensors around the environment. However, fixed IoT sensors may not be enough to monitor the air quality in a vast area during emergency situations. Therefore, many applications consider utilizing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to monitor the air pollution plumes environment.
  • 48
  • 06 Sep 2022
  • Page
  • of
  • 15