Mohammad Heydari
Mohammad Heydari (Persian/Farsi: محمد حیدری; born 14 August 1992; Tehran, Iran) is an Associate Professor, Scientist and Author. He obtained a PhD and DSc. in Management Science and Engineering (MS&E) from the Nanjing University of Science and Technology (Apr. 2023). His doctoral dissertation was titled “Cognitive basis perceived corruption, and attitudes towards entrepreneurial inte
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  • 16 Jun 2024
Topic Review
The Impact of ERP on Business Efficiency
This entry examines the impact of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems on business efficiency and productivity. We will delve into how ERP streamlines workflows, improves data accessibility, and ultimately enhances a company's overall operational effectiveness. By understanding these aspects, businesses can gain valuable insights into the potential of ERP to transform their operations and achieve a competitive edge.
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  • 11 Jun 2024
Topic Review Peer Reviewed
The Ecumene: A Research Program for Future Knowledge and Governance
The ecumene defines a beyond-border space of strong cultural encounters, flows, and merging, grounded within the traditions of world-systems, globalization, transnationalism, and cosmopolitanism discourses. Furthermore, the ecumene links directly with international regions as core political platforms in the making. As such, there are several ecumenes on the forefront, as evidenced by the literature, which can be clustered into ideal types. Epistemologically, it is a relevant concept and tool for a science-of-the-future that focuses on conviviality and transformation for the yet-to-come. Analytically, the ecumene has a descriptive, normative, and critical dimension, and can be empirically accessed through operational concepts such as triggers, hubs, and types of beyond-border conviviality. To apply the ecumene as a research program means to detect convivial common-sense spaces within the global context.
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  • 04 Jun 2024
Topic Review
Materials of Silk pillowcases
Choosing the right silk vs cotton pillowcase is an important decision that can significantly impact your sleep quality, skin, and hair health. Silk and cotton pillowcases are two popular options, each with its own set of benefits and drawbacks. This article will compare silk and cotton pillowcases to help you determine which material is the better choice for your needs.
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  • 31 May 2024
Topic Review
Wedding cake toppers
Wedding cake toppers have long been a beloved tradition in wedding celebrations, serving as the crowning piece on a couple's wedding cake.
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  • 29 May 2024
Bad debt
In the realm of finance, there's a term that strikes fear into the hearts of lenders and borrowers alike: bad debt. It's the bane of financial stability, lurking in the shadows of unpaid bills and defaulted loans. But what exactly is Bad debt, and how can you steer clear of its pitfalls? Bad debt refers to money that is owed and is not likely to be recovered. This can happen for various reaso
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  • 24 May 2024
Topic Review
Air Travel
The first aircraft at the beginning of the 20th century had too weak engines to carry passengers. Air travel that time mainly took place in large airships. The first commercial flight took place on January 1st, 1914, across Tampa Bay, Florida, with one paying passenger. The first regular passenger air transport took place in Germany, between Berlin and Weimar, from 1919. The 1920s brought fast growth of passenger aviation. In 1932, the first serial production of aircraft for passenger air travel started. However, at that time, transatlantic passenger flights were still only performed by airships. Jet aircraft replaced propeller aircraft in the 1950s. Now there are eight million commercial flights every year (status: June 2011). The crew of an airplane consists of the captain, the first, second and third officer, the flight attendants, the flight engineer, the loadmaster, the pilot and the purser. About eight million people fly every day, yielding 3.1 billion passengers in air travel in 2013. Besides people and their luggage, cargo is transported, about 140,000 tons every day, which is equivalent to 50 million tons per year. There are nearly 60 million jobs in air travel; the global turnover of the airline industry is more than 700 billion USD, with about 2.6% net profit. International aviation reached a new record in 2010 with more than 30.5 million commercial flights. 35% of the total departures in 2010 took place in North America, 25% in Asia, 24% in Europe, 10% in Latin America and the Caribbean, 3% in Oceania and 3% in Africa. Fastest growth is in Asia Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and the Middle East. Until 2030, an increase of the number of commercial flights to 52 million is estimated.
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  • 22 May 2024
Topic Review
Find the perfect pair for every occasion
Chino pants are a versatile wardrobe staple known for their timeless style, comfort, and versatility. With their classic design and wide range of options available, choosing the right pair of chinos can be overwhelming
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  • 16 May 2024
Topic Review
Serendipity as a strategic advantage
Serendipity is defined as an ability to notice, evaluate, and take advantage of unexpected information for survival purposes (both natural and social). Based on this definition, Nancy K. Napier and Vuong Quan Hoang propose a framework to develop the notion of serendipity as a strategic advantage (or competitive advantage), both in practice and in research.
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  • 06 May 2024
Topic Review Peer Reviewed
Nature Positive in Business
The concept of nature positive has recently emerged from the widespread recognition of the global scale at which nature is being lost and the threat this poses to the collective survival of the human race. Much of the interest in nature positive reflects the initial commitment to it by conservation organisations and by a number of international political initiatives. However, the pursuit of nature positive approaches by businesses has received little attention in the business and management literature. Building upon an analysis of secondary sources, this entry paper first examines how three international organisations suggest a nature positive strategy could be pursued. This paper then focuses on two multinational companies and how they plan to pursue a nature positive approach to their business activities. This article identifies a number of critical factors in developing a nature positive strategy: incorporating suppliers in this strategy, assessing corporate dependencies and impacts on nature, and reporting on nature positive initiatives and outcomes. At the same time, this article raises concerns that nature positive approaches could be driven more by business imperatives rather than fundamental corporate concerns about biodiversity and that many business commitments to nature positive could be seen as mainly aspirational.
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  • 06 May 2024
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