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    Topic review

    ZEB2 Gene

    Subjects: Genetics
    View times: 4
    Submitted by: Peter Tang
    (This entry belongs to Entry Collection "MedlinePlus ")

    Definition

    Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 2

    1. Normal Function

    The ZEB2 gene provides instructions for making a protein that plays a critical role in the formation of many organs and tissues before birth. This protein is a transcription factor, which means that it attaches (binds) to specific regions of DNA and helps control the activity of particular genes. Researchers have found that the ZEB2 protein is involved in chemical signaling pathways that regulate early growth and development.

    The ZEB2 protein is active in many types of cells before birth. It appears to be particularly important for the development of the neural crest, which is a group of cells in the early embryo that give rise to many tissues and organs. Neural crest cells migrate to form portions of the nervous system, glands that produce hormones (endocrine glands), pigment cells, smooth muscle and other tissues in the heart, and many tissues in the face and skull.

    The ZEB2 protein is also active in cells that are not derived from the neural crest. For example, this protein is involved in the development of the digestive tract, skeletal muscles, kidneys, and other organs.

    2. Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes

    2.1. Mowat-Wilson syndrome

    More than 180 mutations in the ZEB2 gene have been identified in people with Mowat-Wilson syndrome. These mutations almost always inactivate one copy of the ZEB2 gene. In some cases, the entire gene is deleted. In other cases, mutations within the gene lead to the production of an abnormally short, nonfunctional version of the ZEB2 protein.

    A shortage of the ZEB2 protein disrupts the formation of many organs and tissues before birth. The abnormal development of neural crest-derived structures, such as the nervous system and facial features, underlie many of the signs and symptoms of Mowat-Wilson syndrome. The role of the ZEB2 protein in the development of nerves that control the digestive tract may help explain why many people with this condition also have Hirschsprung disease, an intestinal disorder that causes severe constipation, intestinal blockage, and enlargement of the colon.

    2.2. Coloboma

    3. Other Names for This Gene

    • KIAA0569

    • SIP-1

    • SIP1

    • Smad interacting-protein 1

    • Smad-interacting protein 1

    • SMADIP1

    • ZEB2_HUMAN

    • ZFHX1B

    • zinc finger E-box-binding protein 2

    • zinc finger homeobox 1b

    The entry is from https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/gene/zeb2

    References

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    2. Bassez G, Camand OJ, Cacheux V, Kobetz A, Dastot-Le Moal F, Marchant D, CatalaM, Abitbol M, Goossens M. Pleiotropic and diverse expression of ZFHX1B genetranscripts during mouse and human development supports the various clinicalmanifestations of the "Mowat-Wilson" syndrome. Neurobiol Dis. 2004Mar;15(2):240-50.
    3. Dastot-Le Moal F, Wilson M, Mowat D, Collot N, Niel F, Goossens M. ZFHX1Bmutations in patients with Mowat-Wilson syndrome. Hum Mutat. 2007Apr;28(4):313-21.
    4. Garavelli L, Mainardi PC. Mowat-Wilson syndrome. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2007 Oct24;2:42. Review.
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    7. Saunders CJ, Zhao W, Ardinger HH. Comprehensive ZEB2 gene analysis forMowat-Wilson syndrome in a North American cohort: a suggested approach tomolecular diagnostics. Am J Med Genet A. 2009 Nov;149A(11):2527-31. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.33067.
    8. Yamada Y, Nomura N, Yamada K, Matsuo M, Suzuki Y, Sameshima K, Kimura R,Yamamoto Y, Fukushi D, Fukuhara Y, Ishihara N, Nishi E, Imataka G, Suzumura H,Hamano S, Shimizu K, Iwakoshi M, Ohama K, Ohta A, Wakamoto H, Kajita M, Miura K, Yokochi K, Kosaki K, Kuroda T, Kosaki R, Hiraki Y, Saito K, Mizuno S, Kurosawa K,Okamoto N, Wakamatsu N. The spectrum of ZEB2 mutations causing the Mowat-Wilsonsyndrome in Japanese populations. Am J Med Genet A. 2014 Aug;164A(8):1899-908.doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.36551.Jun;167(6):1428.
    9. Zweier C, Thiel CT, Dufke A, Crow YJ, Meinecke P, Suri M, Ala-Mello S, Beemer F, Bernasconi S, Bianchi P, Bier A, Devriendt K, Dimitrov B, Firth H, GallagherRC, Garavelli L, Gillessen-Kaesbach G, Hudgins L, Kääriäinen H, Karstens S,Krantz I, Mannhardt A, Medne L, Mücke J, Kibaek M, Krogh LN, Peippo M, Rittinger O, Schulz S, Schelley SL, Temple IK, Dennis NR, Van der Knaap MS, Wheeler P,Yerushalmi B, Zenker M, Seidel H, Lachmeijer A, Prescott T, Kraus C, Lowry RB,Rauch A. Clinical and mutational spectrum of Mowat-Wilson syndrome. Eur J MedGenet. 2005 Apr-Jun;48(2):97-111.
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