Education Better Reduces Disability among Non-Hispanic than Hispanic American Adults
Analysis of data of 1021 American adults shows that high levels of educational attainment is associated with fewer disabilities, however, this effect is smaller for Hispanics than for Non-Hispanics. There is a need for innovative economic, public, and social policies that are not limited to equalizing educational attainment but that also help minorities leverage their resources and gain tangible outcomes.
Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) are defined as weaker health effects of socioeconomic status (SES) for minority group, compared to the general population. This pattern is, however, better documented for African-Americans than Hispanics. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the ethnic variations in the effect of education on severity of disability in the USA. The 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data were used. Of the 1021 participants who entered this analysis, 855 people were Non-Hispanic and 165 were Hispanic. High levels of education was associated with fewer disabilities. The protective effect of education against disability was smaller for Hispanic than for Non-Hispanic Americans. To reduce health disparities, we need to minimize MDRs of SES indicators such as education for ethnic minorities and to do so, we need bold and innovative economic and social policies go beyond equalizing educational attainment by helping minorities leverage their resources to gain tangible outcomes.