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Bilberry Spruce Forest
Bilberry spruce forests are the most widespread forest type in the European boreal zone. Limiting the clear-cuttings size leads to fragmentation of forest cover and the appearance of large areas of ecotone complexes, composed of forest (F), a transition from forest to the cut-over site under tree canopy (FE), a transition from forest to the cut-over site beyond tree canopy (CE), and the actual clear-cut site (C).
2. Forest Edge Aspects
3. Mosses as Indicators for Moisture and Trophic Conditions
4. Competition between Spruce and Birch Regeneration
5. Transitional Zone Width
This entry is adapted from 10.3390/f12111542
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