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Psychological/Social Recovery after ACL
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a common injury in young athletes. To restore knee stability and function, patients often undergo ACL reconstruction (ACLR). In addition to restoration of functional strength and stability, psychological and social factors play an important role in the recovery and overall outcome of ACL injuries in the pediatric population. Factors such as psychological readiness to return-to-play (RTP), motivation, mood disturbance, locus of control, recovery expectations, fear of reinjury, and self-esteem are correlated to the RTP potential of the young athlete. A better understanding of these concepts may help to maximize young patients’ outcomes after ACL reconstruction.
Psychosocial factors have been shown to affect the mental wellbeing of individuals and their ability to recover from injury . Increased levels of stress and decreased social support are highly correlated with a decrease in both physical and mental health . These factors have also been observed to serve as post-operative predictors for pain and negative patient reported outcomes . The specific psychological factors that affect patients’ RTS after ACLR include, but are not limited to. psychological readiness, fear of reinjury, and desire to return to sport.
1.1. Psychological Readiness
1.2. Fear of Reinjury
1.3. Desire to Return to Sport
3. Treatment and Interventions
This entry is adapted from 10.3390/ijerph18179267
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