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Smart Manufacturing and Industry 4.0
Industry 4.0 is an advanced strategy introduced by the German government to promote the integration of diverse technologies that make manufacturing process smarter. For instance, the technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Internet of Service (IoS), social product development, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), and radio frequency identification (RFID) have been widely implemented to achieve smarter production system. The combination of this technology will foster mass customization, inexpensive product planning, accurate control of the manufacturing process, condition base maintenance, as well as the automated manufacturing process.
These technological trends are designed to facilitate machine to machine (M2M) communication using minimal to null dependence on human force. Industry 4.0 transform processes, operations, machinery, supply chain management, and the entire energy footprint of manufacturing enterprises. It also enhances and monitors the after-purchase performance such as maintenance and servicing. At the global front, manufacturing enterprises are already exploring the limitless possibilities of Industry 4.0 and are reimagining the future. The traditional manufacturing processes and machinery are undergoing digitization and technological transformation to accelerate efficiency, flexibility, and speed to survive the fierce market competition.
1. Digitalization Transformation towards the Industrial Revolution
Vertical integration: In a smart factory system, a digital model communicates via the cyber-physical system, which comprises people, machines, and resources, is mapped.
Horizontal integration: The smart factory adapts itself to the surrounding system as it can optimize the entire production process in real-time.
Smart product: The ability to retrieve product lifecycle information that will add to the digital modeling of the smart factory and offer a better product-based service.
Human Being: The focal point and the driver of valued addition to the entire chain.
2. Industry 4.0 Pillars in Crafting Smart Manufacturing (SM)
3. Smart Manufacturing
Failure of assessing Industry 4.0 readiness and capability is costly.
Failure to understand the uncertainty of the technology implementation will directly influence its benefits and cost.
Lack of strategic assistance and prior knowledge of the Industry 4.0 concept will tarnish the organization’s development.
The entry is from 10.3390/su13179793
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