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Cross-Institutional Credit Transfer Information System
Credit transfer information systems in higher education are not well studied. This entry demonstrates the prototype development of a cross-institutional credit transfer information system (CICIS) for community college transfer (i.e., vertical transfer) students in an Asian educational context. It exhibits credit transfer guidelines and past credit transfer records to enhance the transparency and sustainability of credit transfer information and to facilitate the transfer process of prospective community college transfer students. It also ensures the sustainability of credit transfer information and its application. The four-phase life cycle of the prototyping model was adopted to guide the study.
2. System Design and Prototype Development
2.1. Phase I: Users’ Needs Assessment and Pre-Prototyping Groundwork
2.1.1. Needs Assessment
Government Policies on Sending and Receiving Institutions
Recall of Experience from Current Transfer Students
2.1.2. Pre-Prototyping Groundwork
|Terminology||Description||University A||University B||University C||University D|
|Admission scheme||Direct entry to year 3 of undergraduate programmes (usually 4-year), mainly for graduates of local Associate Degree/Higher Diploma||Senior-year admitted||Advance standing II||Senior-year admitted||Senior-year admitted|
|Measurement of academic load||A measurement to quantify the amount of learning in a course or programme of study||Credit||Credit unit||Unit||Unit|
|Unit of study||A minimal unit of study||Subject||Course||Course||Course|
|Curriculum structure (category)||The general education components that all undergraduate students are required to complete as a graduation requirement stipulated by the universities to enhance breadth of knowledge and skills||General university requirement||Gateway education||General education||University core requirement|
2.2. Prototype Development
|Time||Key Milestones||Remarks/# of Stakeholders|
|30 January and 27 February 2019||Incorporated target users’ feedback to modify the wireframe||Nine transfer students (target users) were invited to give comments and suggestions on the draft of wireframe|
|20–22 May 2019||Solicited feedback from an external credit transfer expert in US|
|22 May 2019||Solicited feedback from different stakeholders from the government and sub-degree institutions before, during, and after a workshop from an external credit transfer expert from US||A total of 34 participants from eight institutions/organisations joined the workshop, including both academic (e.g., Department Head, Programme Leader, Lecturer, etc.) and supporting/administrative staff (e.g., Head, Manager, Registrar, etc.)|
|24 May 2019||Delivered CICIS prototype presentation “Challenges in developing an online credit transfer information platform for potential senior year admitted students”|||
|21 August 2019||Delivered CICIS development presentation “Prior learning: Recognition and visibility”|||
|2–14 February 2020||Solicited feedback from external experts in ONCAT and ASSIST credit transfer information systems||Visited Canada and US about ONCAT and ASSIST information systems|
|5–7 February 2020||Delivered joint conference presentation with HKCAAVQ to share and seek feedback on CICIS from experts in NISTS|||
2.3. Unforeseen Circumstances and Expert Review
The entry is from 10.3390/su13169398
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