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Sustainable Waste Management Innovations
The problem of e-waste persists given the absence of sustainable waste management innovations and policies. We advocate for the engineering of policies that create conditions for doing more with less resources, eliminating waste, and recycling as crucial steps in creating sustainable waste management innovations.
2. Green Practices: Drivers for Change
2.1. Green Manufacturing
Manufacturing is viewed as one of the panaceas to fostering rapid industrialization and economic development not only in Africa, but across the global south. It has historically played a pivotal role in the development of many advanced nations and newly industrialized nations in Asia, including South Korea and Japan. In recent decades, manufacturing production across the African continent has surged and in West, East, Central and southern Africa increased in value from USD 73 bn in 2005 to around USD 157 bn in 2014 . However, manufacturing as a share of GDP declined from 19% in 1975 to 11% in 2011 . Accordingly, there is a need for the greening of industries to develop and enrich the manufacturing base to combat unemployment and foster industrialization. Indeed, GM can emerge as a means to combat social problems such as youth unemployment and environmental depletions in both urban and rural areas in Africa. In responding to recent “calls to action” for combating climate change, there has been a growing emphasis on GM .
2.2. Impediment of Transition to GM
3. Conclusions and Limitations
The entry is from 10.3390/su13126646
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