SARS Rehabilitation Protocol and COVID-19
As a global pandemic, COVID-19 shows no sign of letting up. With the control of the epidemic in China, the proportion of patients with severe and critical diseases being cured and discharged from hospital has increased, and the recovery of COVID-19 patients has become an important issue that urgently needs attention and solutions. By summarizing the exercise rehabilitation strategies and progress of SARS in 2003, this paper analyzed the differences in clinical indicators and recovery characteristics of severe pneumonia caused by the two viruses, and provided comprehensive exercise guidance and intervention strategies for COVID-19 patients for rehabilitation and nursing by referring to the problems and treatment strategies in the rehabilitation and nursing work of SARS. In the post-epidemic period, China will build a multi-dimensional epidemic prevention system by improving the effectiveness of mass training and strengthening local risk prevention and control.
2. Patients with COVID-19 Were Treated with SARS Rehabilitation Protocol
2.1. Respiratory Function
2.2. Sports Ability
2.3. Psychological Situation
3. Implications for COVID-19 Exercise Rehabilitation in China
3.1. Clinical Exercise Rehabilitation Methods for COVID-19 Patients
Relaxation training: lie flat on the bed, relax the whole body muscles, clench fists, feel the muscle tension in the fingers, knuckles, and palms, keep the movement until you feel a slight cramp, then open your hands to relax and rest, repeat five times.
Abdominal breathing training: the patient presses his hands on the abdomen, and exercises with the abdomen when breathing, breathes deeply through the nose until it can’t breathe in, and then slowly and rhythmically expel the gas from the body, repeat five times.
Upper limb elevation training: the patient touches the chest, shoulders, chin, ears, and top of the head with the index finger, and then stretches up to the highest point for a few seconds and then recovers, with both hands at the same time.
Elevating lower limbs training: straighten legs and lift them up until fatigue, assisted by others to continue to rise by 5 to 15 degrees, when the patient feels waist soreness, back muscle tension, slight pain or discomfort, switch to the other leg.
Hip bridge training: bend the knees in the supine position, put your feet close to your hips as much as possible, use your feet and head as the fulcrum, add elbows if necessary, lift up to arch, feel the extension of the waist and back, hips and lower limbs When you reach your limit height, put it down and hold it up again, repeat 10 times.
Meridian patting training: the patient pats along the side of the body from shoulder to ankle in turn, alternating up and down, and repeats 10 times.
3.2. Exercise Rehabilitation Methods for COVID-19 Patients after Recovery
3.3. Remote Exercise Rehabilitation Methods for COVID-19 Patients
The entry is from 10.3390/healthcare9050590
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